Red Campion - 4g


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Red Campion (Silene dioica,) is a flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae, native throughout central, western and northern Europe. It is a herbaceous biennial or perennial plant, with dark pink to red flowers, each 1.8 - 2.5cm across. The flowers are unscented. There are five petals which are deeply notched at the end, narrowed at the base and all go into an urn-shaped calyx. It flowers from May to October. The plant grows to 30-90 cm. The upper leaves are stalkless. Male and female flowers are born on separate plants, the male with 10 stamens and a 10-veined calyx, the female with 5 styles and a 20-veined calyx. Red Campion grows in roadsides, woodlands,and rocky slopes. It prefers to grow on damp, non-acid soils Besides the aesthetic value of its flowers, the crushed seeds of red campion have also been used to cure snakebites. The nectar of the flowers is utilised by bumblebees and butterflies, and several species of moth feed on the foliage.

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